The Facts: The Iraq Constitution
First, the document that's key to this whole discussion: The proposed Iraqi constitution. (PDF version here.) Wikipedia defines the proposed constitution this way. Iraqis will go to the polls to vote on the constitution this Saturday, Oct. 15.
For purposes of comparison, take a read of the Law of Administration for the State of Iraq for the Transitional Period, and then check out the informative analysis and commentary on the Iraq constitution by the Carnegie Endowment's Nathan Brown, a Middle East expert. (The Post hosted a Live Online discussion with Brown earlier today. More of Brown's articles on Iraq and other Middle East policy issues can be found here.)
Of course, sectarian disagreements over the constitution have been a big deal, so Reuters provides this breakdown of where the different ethnic groups stand. An academic paper by Rutgers professor Eric Davis on using the lessons of the past to help Iraq move forward. The Brookings Institution's Iraq Index tracks reconstruction progress, which has a significant influence on Iraq's political situation.
The Iraq page on the State Department's USinfo Web site offers the U.S. government's perspective. Also from the government, but a somewhat more independent part of it, comes the Congressional Research Service report Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution. The New York Times offers a slightly outdated but straightforward Q&A about the constitutional drafting process, while the Post offers an up-to-date, very basic Q&A on the proposed constitution.
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